Crime watch and crime reporting is in the interest of security agencies in the world over. It is however still a challenge especially in the developing world. When crimes are reported, it is always hard to track the progress of such cases due to both poor record management and deliberate case record manipulation by the people on the investigation team. This book presents the challenges in reporting and managing case reports in Uganda. It highlights on the process involved from the time a case is reported to disposal. The book provides an alternative to how best the police can address challenges in case management while promoting timely, cost effective, transparent, efficient case handling.
The government of Uganda and other NGOs have put in place various interventions in the child welfare and protection like: The 1996 Uganda Children Statute, the 1995 Constitution of the Republic of Uganda Article 34(1), Uganda Penal Code Act, Cap 106, Section 123, ANPPCAN Uganda Chapter Report on child abuse and neglect May, 2007, the Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC) and many others.However, much as the above interventions are in operation, the information on child abuse victims reported to police countrywide is still very high(Police Annual Crime Report, 2012). The purpose of this book is to establish the effects of child abuse on academic performance of children in primary schools. The specific objectives are to:Examine the factors responsible for the increased causes of child abuse , analyze how child abuse affects the academic performance of children in primary schools and to analyze appropriate measures that can be taken to combat child abuse and improve academic performance of children in primary schools. A case study design was used to investigate the research problem.Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used.This book is for the parents,police and teacher.
CCTVs are among human discoveries to reckon with in the direction of crime prevention. Uganda like any developing country has been at the forefront of CCTVs' installation. This has been due to increasing crime. Between 2015 and 2016, crime increased from 32,220 to 33419 in Kampala Metropolitan alone. Such an increase can not be taken lightly by a responsible government. Pilot CCTVs' installations are seen during the Common Wealth Meeting in Kampala in 2007 to help in monitoring security. Since then, several presidential initiatives have been visible in this area with a hope of covering all major towns though with financial constraints. Using a phenomenological analysis, the study established that indeed CCTVs led to a considerable reduction in crime when utilised well alongside physical security and the challenges that arouse could be surmounted if the government is in possession of a well designed CCTVs' policy framework. Overall, the study reveals that CCTVs are a good weapon for security and the general populace in crime prevention.
The incidence where systematic rape is seen as a weapon of war designed to exterminate a particular ethnic group is highlighted. Seen as a form of ethnic cleansing and a form of genocide within the ambit of international human rights law. International instruments and legal responses which should have prevented sexual abuse of women during armed conflict is examined. The international experience include, inter alia, Japan, Nuremberg, Uganda, Yugoslavia and Rwanda. The South African experience seeks to determine whether rape may be considered potentially pervasive, a practice and whether women in South Africa are under threat. To this end, the activities of the international criminal tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda will be considered, whereafter the events which led to the establishment of the International Criminal Court will be evaluated. It will be shown that the rape of women during armed conflict is no longer conceptualised as spoils of war, but more appropriately as a CRIME, which is punishable under international law. Rape and violence against women during war has a long history and must end.
This book uncovers a myriad of competing perceptions and different feelings about (in)security in Uganda's capital, Kampala city. The aforementioned are described as the urban (in)security paradox. The paradoxes range from whether the state's security forces are a source of security or insecurity, whether Kampala is secure or insecurity to the inseparable nature of state politics and security. The book locates the urban (in)security paradox in Uganda at the intersection of the global trends of urban security challenges, Uganda's socio-political history and the existing shared perception that the security forces are the most important political power base. The book discusses forms of crime/insecurity especially terrorism and armed robbery and shows how the state has thus-far reacted in the attempt to combat these crimes.Furthermore the book highlights on the perspectives of (in)security illustrating how the levels of feeling (in)secure differ among different social groups. four different social clusters of, socio-economic class, gender, security officers and politicians are discussed in fair details.
From 31 May to 11 June 2010, the first Review Conference of the Rome Statute took place in Kampala, Uganda. Under the Rome Statute, the International Criminal Court can only exercise jurisdiction over the crime of aggression when the ASP amends the Statute to include a definition of the crime, and the conditions for the exercise of jurisdiction. The Review Conference managed to define the crime, and set out the jurisdictional conditions. This book gives an analytical discription of the main issues which had remained unresolved concerning jurisdictional regime of the ICC vis-à-vis aggression prosecution, inter alia, the controversy over filter mechanism and the question of whether consent by the alleged aggressor State should be required. After almost two weeks of political negotiations and arduous give-and-take, the Review Conference adopted the aggression amendments by consensus. This work seeks to illustrate how the negotiating dynamics eventually led to a consensus agreement on all controversial issues relating to the jurisdictional regime.
The first Review Conference of the International Criminal Court took place in Kampala, Uganda which subsequently brought about landmark amendments to the Rome Statute thereby placing the crime of aggression in the spotlight of the contemporary international criminal justice system. The Assembly of States Parties consensually adopted a resolution which exclusively introduces the definitional compromise reached with regards to the crime of aggression. The Kampala Compromise constitutes the apex of many years of multilateral negotiations. Albeit commended as a great achievement, the adoption of the aggression amendments generated a number of substantial legal issues that warrant careful examinations. In light of the principle of complementarity, the Compromise has the potential to diminish the Court's operational regime by virtue of the two Understandings that were bundled with the aggression package guiding States not to incorporate the crime into their domestic codes. This contribution holistically attempts to unveil, amongst others, the principle of complementarity as a potential jurisdictional hurdle evaluated against the backdrop of the newly adopted crime of aggression.
The Violent Crime Crack Unit (VCCU) is a security agency of the government of Uganda. Originally a military unit codenamed "Operation Wembley", it was put under police control and renamed, amid charges of human rights abuses. VCCU has since been renamed and it now called Rapid Response Unit (RRU). It comes under the Police Criminal Investigation Department (CID). It is headed by the Commissioner David Magara. However after the renaming, it was given wider roles other than dealing with armed robberies. The new tasks include dealing even in petty crimes. However, the Unit has been accused by national and international organisations of human rights abuses.
The number of refugees in the world has increased over the past decade, with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) pegging the number around 19.5 million in 2014 as compared to 15 million in 2013. The numbers of refugees residing in urban areas have also increased dramatically in recent years. Barbour confirms that majority of the world's refugees are now residing in non-camp settings with the number of urban refugees rising above those in the settlements. In Africa, cities such as Kampala (Uganda), Nairobi (Kenya), Khartoum (Sudan), Dar es Salaam (Tanzania), Cairo (Egypt), Johannesburg (South Africa) and Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) are home to thousands of refugees. Mostly, refugees in Sub-Saharan Africa are generally camped. This is reinforced by the perception held by most African governments that refugees are threat to development and security because they strive with the locals for jobs, increase living standards and raises crime rates. Kibreab observes that most African governments interpret the problems in their urban areas as being exacerbated by the presence of urban refugees who exert pressure on the limited job opportunities and public services.